How does it operate?
In 2018, Amsterdam’s newly installed left-wing coalition government announced plans to create 24-hour shelter places for 500 undocumented migrants as part of its broader Undocumented Migrant Programme. Migrants can stay in these shelters for up to 18 months and work with the help of a professional advisor on a long-term perspective. This sustainable perspective may include obtaining legal residence, migrating on to another country, or returning to the country of origin. Non-documented migrants are protected from detention during their stay in these shelters.
What is the outcome?
In terms of numbers, Amsterdam has committed to supporting the largest number of undocumented migrants (500) of any Dutch city. This is also partly why the municipality has set a maximum period (18 months), with the idea that over time more undocumented persons can receive support. It is a strategic but contested decision, because out of the five pilot municipalities, only Amsterdam and Rotterdam (6 months) have set a maximum term. Activists and NGOs have noted that in 2020 it often took a long time for a case manager to be appointed and tailored support to be provided to LVV residents, in part due to the Covid-19 pandemic, and have therefore expressed their concern with this 18-month limit.
Who initiated the project? How?
Since 2018, Amsterdam’s political officials and policymakers have created a political environment that is more open to these struggles and claims, including to those of more recent initiatives (‘Amsterdam City Rights’, ‘Here to Support’), but the city also remains embedded in restrictive national citizenship regimes. The City of Amsterdam has therefore received praise and criticism for the way it has positioned itself vis-à-vis the increasingly restrictive national government and the citizenship struggles of undocumented migrant groups. An exemplary feature of the Amsterdam Approach scheme to “National Immigration Facilities” (LVV) is the direct involvement of 60 undocumented refugees and over 25 NGO and activists’ groups, through working sessions at the start of Amsterdam’s Undocumented Migrant Programme. The municipality subsequently adopted a facilitative, rather than a coordinating role, and enabled a coalition of NGOs and activist groups to take charge of implementing the LVV shelter. In 2020, “Here to Support”, one of the civil society organisations that supports undocumented Amsterdammers, proposed an Undocumented People Advisory Board to continue the direct involvement of undocumented people in implementing the LVV project.
Related inspiring approaches
Amsterdam:The “Amsterdam Approach” – inclusion measures for newcomers with refugee status
Welcoming and social inclusion
Amsterdam:The City of Amsterdam Administration’s Culture of Welcome – refugee perspectives on policy implementation and design
Amsterdam:“Free in, free out policy” – Safe reporting and other protection measures against the detention of non-documented migrants in Amsterdam
For undocumented migrants